Drawing Materials - Everything You Need to Get Started
PencilsFirst of all lets talk about pencils. Pencils are woodcased writing utensils containing pigment. The pigment could be colored, pastel, charcoal, or graphite. I will be talking about graphite in this case. Graphite pencils are available in many different grades ranging from 9B (softest) to 9H (hardest). Soft graphites have less clay in them and they are darker than H graphites. Hard graphites have more clay and are lighter than B graphites. Below is a chart illustrating the different grades of graphite.
There are lots of different pencil brands. I use Derwent Pencils. Most grades are unnecessary in my opinion. For most of my drawings I only use the following 5 grades, 7B, 3B, B, HB, 2H. Anything harder than a 2H graphite will most likely dent your paper, ruining the fibres.
Sometimes when I'm drawing I need a more precise tool. I have two .5mm mechanical pencils that I use. One pencil is filled with 2B graphite and the other with HB. They look identical so I wrapped one with colored tape to tell them apart.